英语四六级剖析词汇P3【365娱乐平台】

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本文摘要:preach [priːtʃ] v. ①传教,布道②劝试,宣扬precaution [priˈkɔːʃ(ə)n] n. 预防,警惕;预防措施【习习用语】take precautions against sth 预防某事发生【试题精练】The National Safety Council urges drivers and passengers to wear seat belts as a______against injury.A. cautionB. precautionC. safetyD. security【谜底】B. precaution (against) n. 预防,预防,警惕(take an umbrella as a precaution; take precautions against fire/burglary)。

preach [priːtʃ] v. ①传教,布道②劝试,宣扬precaution [priˈkɔːʃ(ə)n] n. 预防,警惕;预防措施【习习用语】take precautions against sth 预防某事发生【试题精练】The National Safety Council urges drivers and passengers to wear seat belts as a______against injury.A. cautionB. precautionC. safetyD. security【谜底】B. precaution (against) n. 预防,预防,警惕(take an umbrella as a precaution; take precautions against fire/burglary)。caution n. 小心,审慎;注意(事项),警告(如act with caution; exercise/use caution in+动词ing形式;The judge gave the prisoner a caution and set him free.)。safety n. 宁静,平安(for safety/safety's sake 为宁静起见;in safety 宁静地;with safety 宁静地,可靠地,保险地)。

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security n. 宁静;保安,公安。precede [priˈsiːd] vt. ①先于……,在……(之)前(lead, head)②比……更重要precedent [ˈpresidənt] n. ①先例,规范,判例②老例preceding [preˈsidiŋ] a. 在前的,前面的precious [ˈpreʃəs] a. 珍贵的;名贵的precise [priˈsais] a. ①准确的,准确的②恰好的at that precise moment 恰恰在谁人时刻③极清楚的;明确的A lawyer needs a precise mind. 状师需要极清楚的头脑。The time is about four o'clock, or, to be______, it is one and a quarter past four.A. preciseB. conciseC. properD. appropriate【谜底】A. precise a. 准确的,准确的。

concise a. 简明的,简要的。proper a. 适合的,恰当的,正当的。appropriate a. 恰当的,适当的。precision [priˈsiʒ(ə)n] n. 准确,细密preclude [priˈkluːd] vt. 阻止,清除,故障predecessor [ˈpriːdisesə(r)] n. 前辈,前任【长难例句】In general, the tests work most effectively when the qualities to be measured can be most precisely defined and least effectively when what is to be measured or predicted cannot be well defined. 一般说来,当需要测定的特征能得以十分准确的界定,测试的效果就最佳;反之,如果所要测定和预测的工具得不到明确的界定,那么测试的效果就最差。

prediction [priˈdikʃ(ə)n] n. 预言,预见predominant [priˈdɔminənt] a. 占优势的preface [ˈprefəs] n. 序言,前言;开端;开始【习习用语】preface with [by doing] sth 以某事为开场白;在讲主要问题之前先讲某事While he was in the office he______doing something to doing nothing.A. preferredB. likedC. favouredD. approved【谜底】A. prefer vt. 更喜欢(常使用的正确句型是:prefer A to B; prefer doing A to doing B; prefer to do A rather than [to] do B; prefer that sb [should] do sth)。like和favour两个动词后面都可以跟+动词ing形式,但不用like/favour (doing) A to (doing) B句型)。

approve vt. 赞成,同意;批准,批准。pregnant [ˈpreɡnənt] a. ①有身的②含有深意的;重要的③智慧的;有缔造力的pregnant artists 有缔造力的艺术家【试题精练】She has been______for five months and in another five months' time she will be mother.A. productiveB. pregnantC. conceivingD. cherishing【谜底】B. pregnant (with) a. 有身的,妊娠的(如Is she pregnant? a situation pregnant with the greatest danger. His words were followed by a pregnant〈意味深长的〉pause.)。productive (of) a. 多产的,富裕的;富有成效的。

conceive vt. 怀(孕)(后面需要跟宾语)。cherish vt. 珍爱,珍视;敬服,抚育(后面需要跟宾语)。

prehistoric [priːhiˈstɔrik;(US)˗tɔːrik] a. ①史前的,远古的②旧式的;古老的His ideas on morals are really prehistoric. 他的道德看法真是太古老了。prejudice [ˈpredʒudis] n. ①偏见,偏见②损害;侵害to the prejudice of sb's rights 有损于某人的权利【习习用语】①a prejudice against [in favour of]对……的倒霉[有利]偏见②be swayed by prejudice 为偏见所左右③in [to the] prejudice (of) 倒霉于,有损于preliminary [priˈliminəri] a. ①预备的,开端的②先容的,导引的③实验的premier [ˈpremiə(r);(US)priːˈmiər] n. 总理,首相premise [ˈpremis] n. 前提,凭据premium [ˈpriːmiəm] n. 分外用度,奖金,夸奖,保险费,(钱币兑现的)贴水preparation [ˌprepəˈreiʃ(ə)n] n. ①准备,预备②配制品③预修;预习;预习时间prepare [priˈpɛə(r)] v. ①准备,预备②配制;调制to prepare a medicine 配药③制订;部署Who prepared these building plans? 谁制订的这些修建计划?【习习用语】①be prepared for [to do] 准备着②prepare against 准备应付(欠好的事情)③prepare for 为……做准备preposition [ˌprepəˈziʃ(ə)n] n. 介词prescribe [priˈskraib] v. 开药方;指定,划定The doctor______a new medicine for the pain in my joints.A. describedB. subscribedC. prescribedD. ascribed【谜底】C. prescribe vt. (医生)开(药方),嘱咐(疗法);(法例)划定,指定(如What medicine did the doctor prescribe for your illness? Good citizens do what the laws prescribe.)。describe vt. (用文字、语言或图画)形容,形貌。

subscribe (to) vi. 同意,赞成;订阅(书刊等)。ascribe (to) vt. 把……归因于;把……归属于。prescription [priˈskripʃ(ə)n] n. 处方;下令,法例【习习用语】①make a prescription 开药方②have the prescription filled (=make up the prescription)抓药,配方③write out a prescription for 为……开药方presence [ˈprezəns] n. ①出席,在场;存在②风度;风范;仪容【习习用语】①in the presence of sb (=in sb's presence)在……眼前;在(某人)眼前②presence of mind 镇定;冷静③lose one's presence of mind 心慌意乱presently [ˈprezəntli] ad. ①不久,一会儿②现在;现在She is presently writing a book. 她现在正在写一本书。preserve [priˈzəːv] vt. ①掩护;生存;腌制②保持;维持preserve peace 维持宁静③防腐Salt preserves food from decay. 盐能防止食物腐烂。

【习习用语】poach on sb's preserves 侵犯某人的运动规模,侵犯某人的利益【长难例句】Feelings of righteous indignation, it seems, are not the preserve of people alone. 看起来,公正义愤的感受似乎并不是人所独占的。preside [priˈzaid] vi. ①担任主席,当主持人②指挥,统辖president [ˈprezidənt] n. ①总统,主席;(大学)校长②大臣;部长the President of the Board of Trade (英国)商务大臣【长难例句】The amount of pressure which the materials are subject to affects the quality of the products. 质料所蒙受的压力会影响产物的质量。【词义辨析】pressure, strain, stress和tensionpressure:意为“压力”,通常指压迫物体外貌的压力,还指他人、外界或社会施加的强制力或影响。

strain:意为“拉紧,紧张,拉力”,在科技中指使物体变形的力,尤指张力和拉力。用于与人有关的事情时,则多指很是吃力以致影响人康健的紧张状态。stress:意为“压力,紧张”,但在物理学中则指抗变形的应力。也可指由于某种原因而引起的心理或情绪以致身体上的紧张。

tension:意为“拉紧,拉力,紧张状态”,指两种引起弹性物体伸张的平衡力中的一种,常作“拉力”讲。非科技用规则指因关系不友好而造成的紧张状态。

prestige [preˈstiːʒ] n. 声望,威望,威信presumably [priˈzjuːməbəli] ad. 或许,推测起来【试题精练】He will______resign in view of the complete failure of the research project.A. doubtfullyB. adequatelyC. presumablyD. subsequently【谜底】C.presumably ad. 或许,可能,据推测(如 Jim was walking towards the baths with his costume and towel, so presumably he was going for a bath.)。doubtfully ad. 怀疑地。

adequately ad. 充实地,适当地。subsequently ad. 随后地。presume [priˈzjuːm] vt. 假定,假设,临时认为pretext [ˈpriːtekst] n. 捏词,托词prevail [priˈveil] v. ①胜过,获胜②盛行,普遍There could have been a war over it but in the end reason______.A. countedB. matteredC. conqueredD. prevailed【谜底】D.prevail (over/against) vi. 获胜,占优势;盛行,盛行(如Right will prevail in the long run. He prevailed over/against his enemies. Violence still prevails in our cities.)。

count vi. 算数,值得思量。matter vi. 要紧,有关系,重要。conquer vt. 征服,攻克,克服,破除。

prevalent [ˈprevələnt] a. 盛行的,普遍的prevent [priˈvent] vt. 预防,防止;阻止【习习用语】prevent…from 使……不做某事,阻止……做某事previous [ˈpriːviəs] a. ①先,前;先前②过早的;过急的You have been a little too previous. 你有点过急了。【习习用语】previous to (=before) 在……之前Every Saturday evening it is our custom to meet and review the______week's contents.A. lastB. previousC. priorD. former【谜底】B.previous(to) a. 前(一天、一周、一页)的,以前的:在……之前的(to) (the previous day/afternoon/Saturday/week/month/page/lesson the previous arrangement; one's previous attitude/experience; previous to National Day)。

last a. 最后的(注:“上周”应说last week; the last week所表达的意思应是在所谈论的几周当中的“最后一周”)。prior (to) a. (多与不定冠词连用)优先的,在前的(注:previous表现在所谈论的某个事物之前的一个;prior表现在所谈论的某个事物之前更早一些时候发生的或已经计划好的)。

former a. 在前的,以前的。prey [prei] n. 猎物,牺牲品prick [prik] v. 刺伤,刺priest [priːst] n. 神父,教父【习习用语】Like priest, like people[谚]有怎样的牧师,就有怎样的教徒。primarily [ˈpraimərili, praiˈmɛərili] ad. 首先,主要地We do deal with paintings here, but this is______a furniture shop.A. primarilyB. certainlyC. ultimatelyD. inevitably【谜底】A. primarily ad. 主要地,首先(如The issue was primarily a political one; The linguists were concerned primarily with the structure of languages.)。certainly ad. 肯定,一定;固然。

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ultimately ad. 最后,最终。inevitably ad. 不行制止地,一定地。primary [ˈpraiməri] a. ①低级的;主要的;基本的②原生的;原来的;第一级的primary coil 原线圈primary color 原色(红、蓝、黄三色)prime [praim] a. 首要的;头等的n. 青春;全盛期primitive [ˈprimitiv] a. 原始的;简朴的prince [prins] n. 王子,亲王princess [prinˈses] n. 公主;王妃principal [ˈprinsip(ə)l] a. 最重要的;资本的,本金的principle [ˈprinsip(ə)l] n. 规则,原则,原理priority [praiˈɔriti] n. ①先,前,优先②优先思量的事物,优先(权)The problems requiring immediate solution will be given______at the meeting.A. urgencyB. priorityC. superiorityD. emergency【谜底】B.priority (over) n. 优先权;重点;优先思量的事(如This project has priority over all other. Road building is a first/top priority.)。urgency n. 紧迫,紧迫,迫切。

superiority (to/over) n. 优越(性),优等。emergency n. 紧迫情况,不测事件,很是时刻。

privacy [ˈpraivəsi] n. ①隐居,独处②秘密,私下privilege [ˈprivilidʒ] n. ①特权;优惠A great many people are often willing to sacrifice higher pay for the______of becoming white collar workers.A. privilegeB. advantageC. profitD. preference【谜底】A.privilege n. 特权,优惠待遇。advantage (over) n. 利益;优点,优势。profit n. 利润,收益,益处。

preference (for/to) n. 更喜爱,偏爱,优先(权)。prize [praiz] n. 奖品,奖金,夸奖vt. 珍视,珍惜probability [ˌprɔbəˈbiliti] n. ①可能性;概率②[数]或然率【习习用语】①in all probability 很可能,十有八九②the probability is that 或许,想必③There is little probability of [that] 不大可能;险些不行能probe [prəub] n. ①探针②探测器③彻底观察v. 探查,核办,彻底观察procedure [prəˈsiːdʒə(r)] n. 法式;手续,历程proceed [prəˈsiːd] vi. ①继续举行②(常与to连用)开始举行The interview proceeded in a most friendly atmosphere. 会见在极友好的气氛中举行。③前进Do not proceed across a main road without first looking to the right and the left. 没有向左右双方看清楚之前,不要横穿马路。

【习习用语】①proceed against [律]对(某人)依法起诉;向法庭控诉(某人、某企业等)②proceed from 出于,来自,发生于③proceed on [upon] 根据……行事,遵照……举行proceeding [prəˈsiːdiŋ] n. ①举行,法式②(pl.)诉讼process [ˈprəuses;(US)ˈprɔses] n. 历程;工序vt. 加工,处置惩罚【长难例句】Achieving a high degree of proficiency in English as a foreign language is not a mysterious process without scientific basic. 英语作为一门外语,要想到达一种很熟练的水平并非是一种毫无科学凭据的神秘历程。【试题精练】Can you describe the______by which sugar is obtained from sugar beet?A. programmeB. processC. proceedingsD. procession【谜底】B.process n. 工序,制作法;历程,历程(如 By what processes is cloth made from wool? a new process for making steel. in [the] process of 在……的历程中;经由〈一段时间〉,如The house is in the process of being built.)。program(me) n. 法式;计划,计划;节日单。

proceedings n. (pl.)(集会的)议项,项目,历程;诉讼法式。procession n. (排队行进的)队伍,行列。procession [prəˈseʃ(ə)n] n. 队伍,行列The workers marched in______to the minister's office.A. manifestationB. processionC. progressD. demonstration【谜底】B.procession n. (排队前进的)队伍,行列(march in procession 排队行进)。manifestation n. 体现。

progress n. 进步,前进(in progress 在举行中,在举行)。demonstration n. (示威)游行;显示,证实(不能说in demonstration)。processor [ˈprəusesə(r)] n. 处置惩罚法式;信息处置惩罚机proclaim [prəˈkleim] vt. ①宣布,声明②讲明productivity [ˌprɔdʌkˈtiviti] n. 生产力proficiency [prəˈfiʃənsi] n. 熟练,醒目profile [ˈprəufail] n. ①侧面(头像)②外形,轮廓【试题精练】When a new President was elected, newspapers and magazines would carry his______.A. biographyB. autobiographyC. bibliographyD. profile【谜底】D.profile n. (本义)(面部或头部的)侧面像;(引申)传略,人物简介(如 He drew her profile a profile of the new prime minister)。

biography n. 传记。autobiography n. 自传。

bibliography n. 参考书目;(有关某一专题的)书目。profound [prəˈfaund] a. ①意味深长的;深刻的②渊博的;造诣深的;深奥的,完全的a profound book 深奥的书progressive [prəˈɡresiv] a. ①进步的;循序渐进的②累进的(税)progressive tax 累进税③随时代进步的This is a very progressive firm that uses the most modern systems. 这家公司接纳最现代化的系统,是一家很是先进的公司。The soldiers were______from leaving the camp after dark.A. orderedB. demandedC. forbiddenD. prohibited【谜底】D.prohibit (from) vt. 克制,禁绝(做某事)(如Smoking is prohibited in public places. prohibit the sale of drugs; His small size prohibits him from becoming/his becoming a policeman.)。

order vt. 下令,嘱咐(order sb to+动词原形)。demand vt. 要求,强令(demand+表现行动意义的名词;demand to+动词原形/that sb do)。forbid vt. 不许,克制(forbid sb+表现行动意义的名词;forbid sb+表现行动意义的名词;forbid sb to+动词原形)。

project [ˈprɔdʒekt] n. 计划;工程;项目v. 设计;放映;投射【习习用语】①advanced project 尖端研究计划;已提出的计划;远景计划②project oneself 突出自己,体现自己;设想自己处身于(into)③project sth onto sb 设想某人怀有和自己一样的想法(或情感);以己之心度人之腹【长难例句1】The engineers are going through with their highway project, even though the expenses have risen. 只管用度增加了,工程师仍将把他拉的高速公路项目做完。【长难例句2】Sad to say, this project has turned out to be mostly low-level findings about factual errors and spelling and grammar mistakes, combined with lots of head-scratching puzzlement about what in the world those readers really want. 遗憾地讲,这次新闻机构可信度观察计划效果只获得了一些十分低条理的发现,好比新闻报道中的事实错误,拼写或语法错误;(和这些低条理发现)交织在一起的另有许多令人挠头的困惑,譬如读者到底想读些什么。【试题精练】We are______our holiday pictures onto a screen so that lots of people can see them at the same time.A. reflectingB. castingC. throwingD. projecting【谜底】D.project (on to) vt. 投射,放映;使伸出,发射,投掷(如 The tree projects a shadow on the grass. The film was projected onto the screen. Some creatures project their tongues to catch flies and other insects.)。

reflect vt. 反映,反射;思考,思量(on/upon)。cast vt. 投,扔,撤(网)。throw vt. 投,扔,抛。

projector [prəˈdʒektə(r)] a. ①发射装置②放映机,幻灯机,投影仪prominent [ˈprɔminənt] a. ①凸起的②显著的,良好的【词义辨析】distinguished, outstanding和prominentdistinguished:意为“卓越的,卓著的,良好的”,一般指人的才气、品德到达受正式认可的水平,尤指因优越的品质而逾越于同类之上,从而为民众所知。outstanding:意为“良好的,突出的”,非正式的普通用词,一般指优于同类其他事物的人或事物,也可指某种与其周围情况截然差别的特点。prominent:意为“突出的,显赫的”,较适用于在配景上显著突出的事物,引申意义是指人或事物因显着地突出于周围情况而变得显而易见,不强调才学成就或自己品质。

【试题精练】Mr. Bloom is not______now, but he will be famous someday.A. significantB. prominentC. dominantD. magnificent【谜底】B.prominent a. 突出的,良好的,卓越的,著名的。significant a. 重要的,意义重大的;意味深长的。

dominant a. 占优势的,支配的,占统治职位的。magnificent a. 壮丽的,雄伟的。prompt [prɔmpt] vt. 促使,推动a. 敏捷的;即时的prone [prəun] a. ①易于……的,有……倾向的②俯卧的pronoun [ˈprəunaun] n. 代词pronounce [prəˈnauns] v. 发音;宣告,宣布propaganda [ˌprɔpəˈɡændə] n. 宣传propel [prəˈpel] vt. ①推进,推动②激励,驱使property [ˈprɔpəti] n. 产业,所有物,所有权,性质,特性,(小)道具prophet [ˈprɔfit] n. 先知,预言者,提倡者proportion [prəˈpɔːʃ(ə)n] n. 部门;比例;平衡vt. 使成比例,使比例平衡【习习用语】①in proportion to 依照比例;和……相比②in of proportion 合情理的③in the proportion of 以……的比例Nowadays advertising costs are no longer in reasonable______to the total cost of the product.A. proportionB. correlationC. connectionD. correspondence【谜底】A.proportion n. 比例;部门,份儿;平衡,相称(be in proportion to 与……成比例;与……比力起来,如 payment in proportion to the work done, not in proportion to the time taken to do it; This door is narrow in proportion to its height. in the proportion of 按……的比例:mix water and orange-juice in the proportion of 3 to 1; out of proportion with/to 与……不成比例:The door is out of proportion with the windows. The price of the article is out of all proportion to its value.)。

correlation n. 相互关系,陪同关系;关联(作用)。connection n. 关系,毗连(in connection with 关于,有关,和……联系起来)。correspondence n. 通信,通信联系;相当,相似处(in correspondence with)。

proposal [prəˈpəuz(ə)l] n. 建议,提议;求婚【习习用语】①make a proposal (of marriage) 求婚②offer proposals for [of] 提出……建议propose [prəˈpəuz] vt. ①建议,提议;求婚②(常与to连用)企图;欲 I propose to go on Tuesday. 我想星期二去。【习习用语】propose a toast(= propose sb's health) 建议碰杯祝酒【长难例句】Mr. McWhorter acknowledges that formal language is not strictly necessary, and proposes no radical educational reforms — he is really grieving over the loss of something beautiful more than useful. 麦克沃特先生既不认为正式的语言不是不行或缺的,也不主张激进的教育革新——他真正哀叹的不是有用的工具的丧失,而是美的工具的丧失。proposition [ˌprɔpəˈziʃ(ə)n] n. ①提议,建议②主张,看法prose [prəuz] n. 散文prosecute [ˈprɔsikjuːt] n. /v. ①起诉,告密②实行prospect [prəˈspekt;(US)ˈprɔpekt] n. 景致,前景,前途,期望prospective [prəˈspektiv] a. 预期的,未来的,有希望的prosper [ˈprɔspə(r)] vi. 兴旺,繁荣,乐成prosperity [prɔˈspərəti] n. 繁荣prosperous [ˈprɔspərəs] a. 繁荣的protein [ˈprəutiːn] n. 卵白质prototype [ˈprəutəutaip] n. 原型proverb [ˈprɔvəːb] n. 谚语,格言【习习用语】①as the proverb goes [runs, says]俗话说②be a proverb for……是尽人皆知的③pass into a proverb 成为谚语;成为口实【词义辨析】offer, furnish, provide和supply这组词都有“供应,装备”之意。

offer:意为“提出,提供,出现”,常用词,表现向别人提供资助、服务或物品,这可能是对方要求也可能是自己主动提出的。furnish:意为“供应,提供,陈设,部署”,强调为某人或某物配备所要或所需的物品以备使用、居住或应急等。provide:意为“供应,提供,装备,准备”,以在需要时提供所需物品。supply:意为“供应,增补,弥补”着重表现替换或补足所需之物以及经济危机补缺陷、满足要求的意思,还可作名词,意为“供应(量),物资,存货”。

【试题精练】All the workers in the factory are______with protective hats.A. providedB. grantedC. offeredD. allowed【谜底】A.provide vt. 提供,供应(句型:provide sb with sth;provide sth for sb;provide for sb养活)。grant vt. 同意(给),准予,授予。offer vt. (主动)提出,提供,给予(offer a suggestion/an idea; offer to+动词原形;offer sb sth)。

allow vt. 允许,准许(句型:allow sth; allow sb sth; allow sb to+动词原形;allow+动词ing形式)。provided [prəˈvaidid] conj. 只要;如果;若是province [ˈprɔvins] n. ①省;领域②(天主教的)大教区③(知识、研究的)规模,部门the province of science 科学领域【习习用语】①in [within] one's [sb's] province 在某人的学识[职权、能力]规模之内,为某人力所能及的②outside sb's province 在某人学识、职权规模之外【试题精练】I know nothing about Persian art; that's quite outside my______.A. scopeB. limitC. authorityD. province【谜底】D.province n. (专长的)领域,(职权)规模(如My province is European art. It's within his province to issue authorization.)。scope n. (运动、影响、明白力的)规模;(发挥能力等的)余地,时机。

limit n. 限制,限度;(pl.)规模。authority n. 权力;权威;当权者;(pl.)官方,政府。provision [prəˈviʒ(ə)n] n. 供应,(一批)供应品,预备,预防,划定provoke [prəˈvəuk] vt. 激怒,挑拨,煽动,惹起,驱使prudent [ˈpruːdənt] a.审慎的psychiatry [saiˈkaiətri;(US)si˗] n. 神经病学,神经病治疗法psychological [ˌsaikəˈlɔdʒik(ə)l;(US)ˌsi˗] a. 心理上的,心理学的psychology [saiˈkɔlədʒi;(US)si˗] n. 心理学pub [pʌb] n. 酒吧,酒馆publication [ˌpʌbliˈkeiʃ(ə)n] n. 出书物;出书;宣布【长难例句】A comparison of British geological publications over the last century and a half reveals not simply an increasing emphasis on the primacy of research, but also a changing definition of what constitutes an acceptable research paper. 将已往一个半世纪英国地质学领域的出书物作一下比力,(我们)就会发现,不仅对科研的主导职位的强调不停攀升,而且一篇可接受的科研论文所包罗的内容的限制也有所变化。

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publicity [pʌbˈlisiti] n. ①众所周知,闻名②宣传,广告The film actress's marriage got a lot of______, though she tried to keep it secret.A. gossipB. chatC. circuitD. publicity【谜底】D.publicity n. 民众的注意,名声;宣传,宣扬(如 A newspaper gives publicity to the news. The concert was a good one, but because of bad publicity, very few people came. a campaign of publicity for a new automobile)。gossip n. 蜚语蜚语;说闲话。chat n. 闲谈,谈天。circuit n. 电路;环行,巡回。

puff [pʌf] vi. ①喘息,喘息②一口一口地吸烟(或喷烟)③喷着烟(或蒸汽)移动 vt. ①边喷边吸(烟),抽(烟)②喷出,使一阵阵吹(或喷) n. ①(抽)一口烟,(空气、烟雾的)一股②喘息,喘息pulse [pʌls] n. ①脉搏②节奏pump [ˈpʌmp] n. ①泵,抽水机②打孔机③拳打 v. 抽水;打气【习习用语】①be pumped out 累得喘不外气来②fetch a pump 注水于水泵以便抽水③prime the pump 政府以增大开支刺激经济苏醒;对企业的谋划治理予以支援;注水于水泵以便抽水punch [ˈpʌntʃ] vt. ①以拳猛击②在……上打孔pupil [ˈpjuːpil] n. 小学生;(眼睛的)瞳孔puppet [ˈpʌpit] n. ①木偶;傀儡②(=glove puppet)(套在手上演出的)手套木偶,布袋木偶purchase [ˈpəːtʃəs] vt. 买,购置purify [ˈpjuərifai] v. ①净化②(常与of, from连用)使无罪purpose [ˈpəːpəs] n. ①目的,意图;用途②刻意;毅力be weak of purpose 没有刻意【习习用语】on purpose 居心地;为了;特地 I came here on purpose to see you. 我特地来这里看你。We all argued with him not to sign that contract, but to no______.A. senseB. pointC. purposeD. use【谜底】C.purpose n. 效果;用途(to no/good purpose 没有作用/很有作用;to the purpose〈讲话〉中肯)。sense n. 意义,意思。point n. 论点,看法,要点(to the point〈讲话〉中肯,切题)(不能说to no sense/point/use)。

purse [pəːs] n. ①钱包②奖金;捐钱;财力【习习用语】①A beggar's purse is bottomless. 乞丐的口袋无底,乞丐的口袋是填不满的。②A heavy purse makes a light heart. [谚]袋里有钱,心里不慌。③A light purse is a heavy curse. [谚]为人无钱到处难。

pyramid [ˈpirəmid] n. 金字塔。


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